9th October 2023

First and foremost, many, many apologies for the lack of updates. I have always remembered late at night that I need to update the ZE360 Blog tomorrow and I always forget. Luckily I remembered this time round so let me update you right now on where we are.

The good news is that we are literally a stones throw from splitting the airframe ready for relocation to Cotswold Airport. The J79 engines have been removed and we are presently a few bolts away from disconnecting the wing box from the fuselage. Some of these bolts have never been worked on since the aircraft was built and as such are proving to be a little resilient when trying to remove them.

Here are a few photos and a video to highlight the work and should be reasonably self explanatory….


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…. and the following photos highlight some of the pins that require removing, the amount of corrosion hindering even the smallest task and more importantly the cramped conditions and small spaces and recesses that some of these bolts hide in making the task as difficult as it can for the team.





So that`s the update on ZE360 so far. A little light on detail but as you can see actions speak so much more than words.

I will hopefully be updating you all soon with the news that ZE360 is on the move!

11th March 2023

In atypical Manston weather (no rain, no ice, light winds ) a handful of BPAG volunteers gathered on Saturday morning with the intention of removing the first engine from ZE360.
With final assembly of the stand completed, attention turns to the jet. Checking the technical publication and it appears that everything that`s needed to be disconnected has been, so the group moves onto the drop-out link. This important piece of structure ties the keel of the aircraft to the wing, across the bottom of the engine bay. Shockingly, the bolts, untouched since at least 1990, come out easily. Not so much the bushings in the bolt holes though, nor the actual drop-out link itself.
Some ” creative ” engineering and a lot of grunting went into achieving that objective! Confidence is high as we wheel the stand into to position and that’s where the bubble burst…., it doesn’t fit!
BPAG had tracked the engine removal gear down via a contact in Canada, and informed they are for a J79, ex-Luftwaffe. However, we have to conclude that the gear is for the J79 in a F-104 Starfighter and not a F-4 Phantom. A setback for sure, but not an insurmountable one. The team will get an extended set of rear legs manufactured to match the gear to the engine and go for round 2 soon.
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26th & 27th November 2022


The ZE360 BPAG team completed a couple of important tasks recently including this weekend. The universal trolley was rebuilt and we now have reasonable functionality and more importantly safety features working.  The static engine stands were painted and built and are now ready to accept a J79 engine each and a test fitting of the engine adaptors was carried out on the universal trolley.

trolley2 Trolley 1

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12th November 2022

As per the last update on ZE360`s progress, the main area of attention, (and contention for the team), has been the repair and maintenance of the Universal trolley so that we can safely remove the J79 engines. The hydraulic RAMS were stripped down and inspected before being put back together again for refitting. This also involved replacing all the seals on the RAMS after it was found that most had perished.


The engine stands, which were made to order, are also being put together and final fitting checks were made both on the mobile trolleys and to the J79`s themselves.

Onwards and upwards!

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 (Photos courtesy of Steve Pope and Paul West)

6th August 2022


360 basking in the sun with her rear engine doors open

It`s safe to say that things have been a little quiet when reporting on the ZE360 restoration but don`t mistake quiet for nothing. Behind the scenes, far less glamorous work has had to take place on the Universal trolley when the team discovered that far more problems existed to make it serviceable and more importantly, safe to use.

In effect, instead of initially thinking that some simple issues needed to be fixed, the team found that the whole rig required being stripped down and many components repaired or replaced. As you can imagine these minor set backs have caused delays to the available time scale but things now seem to be coming together.

On a couple of the most recent work party visits work on the RAMS, hydraulic pipes, wheels and bearings were carried out. As I said, nothing glamorous, but still extremely important for the safe operation to remove the engines prior to splitting the aircraft.

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Old tyres off, new tyres on


Universal Trolley break down above……

…… and below, what a bit of cleaning can achieve!


With thanks to Paul West and Steve Pope for the photos

26th February 2022

Whilst we await delivery of some vital ground equipment to continue the disassembly, ZE360 is subject to a care visit by some of the local BPAG team on Saturday 26th February.

The storm damaged covers and straps were replaced with new ones, all tyres re-inflated and a visual check showed that fortunately the high winds had caused no damage to the aircraft.

Picture via Paul West

360 safe Care Party 26th February 2022

18th December 2021

The final work party visit of year to 360 took place on the 18th which saw the removal of the trailing edge flaps.

With the piano wire hinges soaked in penetrating oil and left for a couple of weeks, the pins were successfully taken out and the flaps removed.

A few photos courtesy of Paul West and Steve Pope from a rather dark and dingy final day.

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See you all in 2022………

27th – 28th November 2021

The weekend of the 27th and 28th November saw the penultimate visit by BPAG volunteers to ZE360 at Manston Airport. It`s safe to say the weather did not play ball with bitter winds, rain and hail all making an appearance at various points during the weekend.

Stripping down the engine stand continued with the disconnection and removal of all four rams to be overhauled. All the rubber hydraulic lines were removed awaiting new ones to be fabricated and the front and back frames were exercised and are now have free movement.

Moving onto ZE360 herself, the main task of dropping both flaps with the aid of hydraulic fluid was completed successfully. The actuators were also disconnected, the piano wire hinges were soaked in penetrating oil and left for disconnection on the next visit. To round off a challenging weekend, all the tyres were also inflated to 120 bar to keep them within tolerances.

Thanks as always to the team that attended over the two days and continue to keep the project on track for eventual breakdown and relocation to Cotswolds’ Airport.

The following photos are courtesy of Paul West and Steve Pope.

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6th – 7th November 2021


A dry and surprising warm weekend of 6th-7th November saw BPAG volunteers continuing work preparing ZE360 for its eventual dismantling. In the past much of the activity has been around the aircraft itself but, as reported recently, the group now owns a universal stand, a vital item needed for the engine removal process which also requires maintenance and repair.

The team were split into two groups each day with the first one focused on the stand, which began with stripping the frame down into its component parts so that repairs and surveys could be made. The hydraulic tank was removed so that a small split can be welded and repaired off site while the rams on the lifting frame were disconnected and inspected. At least one of the rams will require more attention before it will be fully functional but the equalising valves appear to be serviceable, the manual adjustment screw drives are free and the rig front mount can be angled as required, the worm drives require working and lubricating but they are OK and the overall condition of the stand is good. The BPAG are still in the process of locating adaptor frames for this unit, however, and would like to invite anyone with any information to please get in touch.

Meanwhile, the other group continued the preparation work on ZE360. Most of the last remaining pipe work and cabling were removed from D22 bay, D42 left and right were accessed and the engine side mounts released and D54 left and right were also opened and the side mounts surveyed. The generator bay, RAT and chaff dispenser compartments were also accessed. Generator bay will need some structural repair works but the other two compartments are in good condition. However, the chaff dispenser tray is missing (which would be expected anyway) as is the RAT itself, which we didn’t expect but the example we salvaged from XV411 should be a direct replacement. Finally, ZE360’s somewhat bent AOA probe can now be changed for a pristine example, courtesy of Peter Partridge, who kindly sourced and donated a replacement.

We have now reached a point where the removal of the engines and trailing edge flaps are all that is needed before the fuselage and wing can be split and the aircraft readied for transport. We will therefore be appealing for volunteers with exact skill sets over the coming months but will look forward to welcoming other volunteers again once the aircraft reaches Cotswold Airport.

Thanks go to the for volunteers for their time, energy and assistance over the weekend and as usual, special thanks also go out to Polar Helicopters and Manston Airport for their support and time in allowing preparation work to continue onsite.

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9th – 10th October 2021

360 - T. Clay

While the focus of recent attention has been the relocation of XT597 and XT905 and the associated activity at BPAG’s new home at Cotswold Airport, the last few weeks have also seen work restart on ZE360 at Manston.
Following on from the aircraft’s initial arrival at the airport in April 2021, on 11th September ZE360 was relocated to the Y-Pan to allow the working parties regular access and extra space. Engineering work subsequently recommenced with the process of clearing the wing and fuselage boundary in preparation for the wing/fuselage split.
Access to the D22 bay where a majority of the work is required is cramped and confined. With limited space to move around, this task only required a small crew to attend over the weekend of 9/10th October. Gaining access to the structure joining the fuselage to the wing was obtained by clearing a multitude of hydraulic and fuel lines and their associated valves while the removal of both the leading edge ducts and airbrake closure panels were finally completed- frustrating but vital tasks.
The latter now means that hydraulic pipework can be accessed at a later date to drop the flaps. The weekend finished with minor maintenance on both of the trolleys currently stored on site, releasing three wheels that had seized up.
Photos of the weekends proceedings below.

Paul West and Steve Pope working on the D22 bay - T. Clay Internal structure corrosion damage near D22 Bay. - T. Clay Gary Davies working within the D22 Bay. - T. Clay Gary Davies Drilling out the Air Brake Panels - T. Clay Left side air brake panel removed - T. Clay Removed Air Brake Panel - T. Clay Paul West and Steve Pope working on the D22 bay - T. Clay (3) Paul West and Steve Pope working on the D22 bay - T. Clay (2) An assortment of removed pipes, manifolds and valves from D22 - P. West Steve Pope removing the last leading edge duct. - T. Clay Both Leading edge ducts removed. - T. Clay Dissasembled Trolley Wheel - T. Clay Repaired Trolleys - T. Clay 360 & Polar Bowsers - T. Clay

25th September 2021

Work restarts on 360!

More to follow shortly.

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21st September 2021

The 21st of September saw Cliff Spink, Dick Northcote and Graham Clarke reunite at Duxford`s American Air Museum, (AAM) for private print and memorabilia signing to raise funds for the ongoing restoration efforts of Phantom F-4J(UK) ZE360 by the British Phantom Aviation Group, (BPAG). `Tigers Lair` artwork commissioner John Gray was also in attendance with the original painting by Rob Johnson depicting ZE360 and ZE359 overflying RAF Wattisham on display. Phantom F-4J(UK) ZE359 is presently displayed at the AAM at Duxford in one of her original US Navy schemes when serving with VF-74 during her Vietnam combat cruise and provided the perfect backdrop for the signings. My thanks go out to all concerned for their assistance on this and keep an eye out on the news page and social media regarding how to purchase one of the signed or unsigned prints.

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15th May 2021

The glamorous side of aviation preservation strikes again!

While we wait for the right combination of circumstances to move ZE360 into its new hangar (i.e. a non-windy day, airport access permission and availability of towing vehicle and volunteers) a small team from the BPAG took the opportunity to perform some housekeeping duties and preparation work inside.

The building has not been an active maintenance hangar for a number of years (mainly used for storage instead) so there is some accumulated floor grime and a generous helping of bird droppings to remove. Therefore, three of the team drew the short straws and were on mopping duties, using maximum PPE and a strong disinfectant solution. We have also been given permission to do some basic maintenance on the hangar doors, to ensure things run smoothly (no pun intended) when the day comes. All wheels were wire brushed, cleaned and oiled and the roller guides were also serviced. Finally, the rail pits were cleared of accumulated debris.

A pretty mucky day for all, but everyone took this in their stride and performed their duties to the usual high standard.

Many thanks to the team – Damien Hughes, Peter Moore, Ryan Luscombe, Steve Pope, Paul West and Tony Clay for their hard work and good humour.

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(Text – BPAG Group / Photos – Tony Clay)

24th-25th April 2021

Just over 30 years after she arrived and following months of careful planning, ZE360 finally left DFTDC Manston on the 25th April 2021. Saturday 24th saw the BPAG team move 360 from the burn pit area of the old Fire School, across the old stations Football Pitch and up to the edge of exit gate.

Early on the 25th, retracing the road journey she made after her final flight in February 1991, 360 passed back through the fire school gates and back along Manston Road. Turning right and onto the old fighter pan, 360 made her way along the old taxiway down to and across the B2050 and finally back on to airport premises itself.

Things have obviously changed somewhat since 1991, not least of which being the presence of the DFT facility at the airport. This meant obtaining permission from local Police and Kent County Council to close the roads and permissions from the Department of Transport, HMRC and Customs and Excise to pass through a secure area to reach the hangar in question.

Despite pinch points and tight clearance along public roads and a somewhat circuitous route around the airport taxiway and runway, the aircraft arrived safely at the apron, having coped with the stresses of the day admirably. The only insurmountable problem being, as usual, the weather. Due to high winds, it was deemed unsafe to open the clamshell doors to the hangar itself, so ZE360 will be forced to wait on the apron until a calmer day comes around.

The obvious advantages of an indoor location will enable work on engine removal and the separation of the fuselage/wing section to progress much more quickly and safely and we are very grateful to Manston Airport for their generous and timely offer.

Many thanks are owed to the crew of BPAG volunteers, who all arrived at the crack of dawn and carried out their duties with the utmost care and professionalism.

Special mentions should also go to Wing Commander Callender, Commandant of DFDTC and his staff, particularly Sgt Thackery, without whom the past couple of years would all have been a lot more difficult. We must also thank Tony Freudmann, CEO of RiverOak Strategic Partners Ltd (the airport owners) and to Gary Blake, the airport manager. Appreciation also goes out to Skeltons, TBF Traffic, Reclamet, Hewbourn Ltd and Spey Bay Salvage for their invaluable help.

Another objective completed, another step nearer to restoration!

A selection of photos from the weekend

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(Photos courtesy Tony Clay)


A video regarding the recent relocation of Phantom ZE360 from the now defunct Fire School to a hangar on Manston Airport.

A full update in the Restoration blog shortly.


20th-21st March 2021

With the recent lifting of COVID restrictions so that two people can work outside, members of the restoration team, Steve Pope and `Tiger` Paul West started work on clearing the path way leading out of the now defunct Manston Fire School.


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Both the guys did a great job in difficult circumstances and it also marks the reactivation of work on site for the next chapter of the ZE360 Restoration.

More soon.

(Photos courtesy of Steve Pope)

4th March 2021

Jamie White has offered another generous donation to the ZE360 cause. In common with the other items Jamie has donated, we believe that this ADI originally came from 360 herself back in the day.

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Another big thank you to Jamie for sending this in and it will be passed on the Paul West for refurbishment.

22nd February 2021

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Today was the 30th anniversary of ZE360`s delivery flight from RAF Wattisham to Manston where she would take on the new role as a training aid at the resident fire training school.
The year was 1991 and the world`s attention was focused on Operation Desert Storm and the ongoing conflict in the Middle East. The retirement of the RAF`s unique F-4J(UK) Phantom fleet was to therefore come and go relatively un-noticed. The F-4J’s were being systematically dispersed to take up secondary roles, such as Battle Damage Repair or Fire Training duties at various RAF airfields. The aircrews delivering them made the most of these ‘trips’ and many of the aircraft were in a clean configuration so they could attempt one final Mach 2 run. ZE360 was no different.
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On the morning of the 22nd February 1991, pilot Ian Hargreaves and navigator Ray Jones departed RAF Wattisham, climbed out over The Wash and then headed into the North Sea. Once 35 nautical miles offshore, the nose was pointed south and full power applied. If it wasn’t for an intake ramp going out of phase causing the right engine to surge at approximately Mach 1.96, it’s safe to say 360 would have successfully achieved the aim of travelling at twice the speed of sound as planned. However, with little fuel remaining and lots of altitude to lose, all that remained were some rather tight turning aerobatics, eventually registering a respectable 8 on the G meter.
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In a fitting end for an aircraft designed for Naval operations (especially considering the aircraft’s previous life in service with the US Navy`s Atlantic Fleet) ZE360 landed at Manston making a cable engagement. The aircraft then self-cleared before folding the outer wings and taxiing to the designated dispersal. With the aircrew catching a lift home to Wattisham in a 22 Sqn Sea King, ZE360 was left in the hands of a team of Wattisham’s ASF engineers who prepared her for her final duties while still in RAF service.
In this anniversary year, after 30 years of decay at Manston, we are looking forward to the aircraft finally departing again, heading for Kemble, Gloucestershire, to begin the restoration process which will be the start of a much brighter future for this extremely rare aircraft.
All photos copyright Ian Hargreaves.

30th December 2020


ZE360 Restoration Review for 2020

For many of us, including the Restoration Team, 2020 was certainly the year that wasn`t. If the pandemic had not taken hold, we would probably be reporting that the team had safely relocated ZE360 to pastures new by now. However, despite the long periods of inactivity at the beginning of the year, by the start of summer work had restarted to try and catch up with the schedule. as we now approach the end of the year, we felt that this is a good opportunity to remind you all of some of the more significant achievements that took place during a difficult 2020.

1. Main Undercarriage and nose wheels replaced
2. Outer wings removed
3. Ailerons and speed brakes removed
4. Relocated from the grass field and onto a concrete hardstand
5. Centre Line fuel tank removed
6. Tailcone and Stabilator removed
7. Engine Doors lowered and J79 engines disconnected
8. Fuel pipework disassembled and removed
9. Aircraft re-positioned onto the disused burn area ready for final dismantle

We must also mention the number of panels, screws and fasteners that were also removed so that the work noted above could proceed. No-one was counting let’s just say it was a lot, as well as being painfully difficult and definitely tedious work at times. Of course, none of this could have been achieved without the ongoing assistance of the British Phantom Aviation Group’s team of volunteers who all gave up their time to work on these tasks. Their help is always greatly appreciated and quite frankly, the work undertaken thus far could not have been completed without them. Of course, as with most organisations, there are always `back room staff` whose job it is to make sure the other elements of such projects run without a hitch. These tasks can range from logistics, fundraising, marketing and PR as well as certain individuals who work on specialist items like the electronics or restoring `hardware` and other parts of airframe in their own time.
While things have not gone entirely to schedule this year, this group of individuals have made sure that this rare airframe is finishing 2020 with a much brighter future than when she went into it and we should all look forward to what will be, no doubt, a significant New Year for Phantom F-4J(UK) ZE360, when she moves to her new home at Kemble in 2021.

11th November 2020

Jamie White has kindly donated the following instruments after seeing the restoration project updates on social media. I`d like to say a big thank you to Jamie for reaching out and offering these instruments which we believe actually came from ZE360 herself. Note the North Island NARF sticker identifying these as from an F-4J(UK).

If you have or know of someone who may have parts that could help with ZE360`s restoration, please do get in touch, we are always interested to hear from you.

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10th – 11th October 2020

The weekend of the 10th and 11th October saw the BPAG team back at Manston with ZE360. The current Covid-19 restrictions, coupled with the fact that the dismantling process is concentrated on a few small areas, meant that there could only be limited team numbers onsite. However this did not stop a very successful couple of days with good progress being made in vital areas.

 Fuel lines, drain lines and wiring from inside Door 22 were stripped out as well as Door 22 itself removed due to the fact it overlaps the leading edge of the lower wing skin. Station 4`s missile well was also stripped out to give access to the structural connections. Various hydraulic lines and components were also cleared from above Stations 4 and 6 to facilitate access and removal of the leading edge BLC ducts. The emergency nitrogen bottle was finally removed after dismantling further structure for access. The rear cockpit upper instrument panel was also removed and both intakes cleared of debris. Among the debris, a broken off probe from the nose of the aircraft was found which will be repaired and refitted. A missing cover plate from the nose gear bay was also found. Finally, some structure was removed inside doors 75, (left & right), that join across the wing & fuselage.

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Text – Paul Wright (BPAG)
Photos – Tony Clay

26th – 27th September 2020

The new social distancing rules and cold weather forecast meant that activity at Manston had to be downscaled for last weekend’s work party. With just a small group present, any milestone moments or herculean efforts were unlikely but some good headway was still made on vital smaller tasks.
Saturday saw further progress on engine disconnection, also pipework removed for access to LH wing root and RH inboard leading edge was finally lowered (without cutting) before increasingly poor weather called a stop to proceedings at 14:00.
Work persevered with undoing the electrical plugs on the engine harness on Sunday. What would have been a minute’s work when in service ended up taking around 5 hours. The RH inboard fixed leading edge removal was made up to withdrawal of the hinge pins, at which time our old friend corrosion took control and the pins refused to move. They’re currently soaking in penetrating oil, ready for next working party.

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Text – Paul Wright (BPAG)
Photos – Steve Pope (BPAG)

24th September 2020

A small update from the BPAG team ;
Recently received back from refurbishment- original nosewheel from ZE360. Cleaned up and prepared by Paul Wright, paint removed and powdercoated by Andy Groves at JW Smart Services. Many thanks to Paul for the prep and Andy and JWSS for donating the time, labour and materials to get the job done.


12th – 13th September 2020

The weekend of 12th and 13th September saw BPAG volunteers head back to Manston and Phantom F-4J(UK) ZE360 making further progress with stripping out systems and components inside D22. There’s still a long way to go there. The front cockpit was also relieved of many of its remaining parts, including the main panel and some instruments. The latter have gone off site to be refurbished by Paul West, in his own time.
Elsewhere, both full sets of engine doors are now lowered and engine disconnection has started. Both sets of lateral control runs and a plethora of hydraulic lines and electrical looms have been removed, along with the left hand leading edge BLC duct. Access was also gained to the trailing edge flap actuators and these are scheduled to be removed at the next visit.
As ever, it was an ongoing battle with the corrosion and lack of servicing, meaning that even simple panel removal takes much longer than it would normally.

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Text – Paul Wright (BPAG)
Photos – Tony Clay

29th – 31st August 2020

The British Phantom Aviation Groups volunteer team were back at Manston on the Bank Holiday weekend of the 29th/31st August with the principle task being the removal of the centreline tank. When installed the tank prevents both the opening of the engine bays and any work progressing along the centre of the lower wing. Despite having been untouched for decades, the tank released as it was designed to after some great advice and clear instruction from a BPAG supporter who used to be an ex-armourer. With the tank out of the way, the team now had clear access to the engine bays doors.

Whilst this was ongoing, other team members removed the remaining speedbrake. Sadly, the corroded bolts would not give in, so the decision was made to cut way the brake from the aircraft. As with all restorations, such decisions are not taken lightly, but may be necessary to move the project along. Any such parts can and will be replaced further down the line.

Preparation work continued inside Door 22, where many of the components will have to be removed to gain access to the wing-tank/front fuselage joints and disconnection of the inboard undercarriage doors was started. Highlight of the day was opening the rear most engine doors for the first time in 3 decades.

Elsewhere, the inboard leading edge occupied a lot of time and effort, corrosion having made bolt removal impossible and attempting to drill out ¼” thick bolts to a depth of up to 1″ was not proving successful. Once again the decision was made to cut away the structure holding it up as it was already beyond saving owing to corrosion.

With the leading edge still refusing to drop down, further investigation and searching revealed a hidden bolt, one which is not present on British Phantom F-4K/M`s, and once removed (by drilling out, naturally) the leading edge was finally lowered down.

Attention then turned to the engine doors, and despite further corrosion related problems, both Aero 27A missile launchers were removed from the underside of the aircraft, which will allow the main engine doors to be lowered on a subsequent visit.

As always, many thanks to the BPAG volunteer team for their hard work and staff at DFTDC Manston for their continued assistance.

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Photos – Nigel Hodgson

Words – Paul Wright

15th – 16th August 2020

The British Phantom Aviation Group and the 74 Squadron Association are pleased to announce that another milestone in the preservation effort has been reached. On Saturday 15th August, ZE360 was towed away from an area of waste ground, where it has sat since 2015, and back onto hardstanding elsewhere within the facility.

This event had been delayed by the current Covid-19 pandemic, when work at the site was forced to cease for four months, and follows the recent replacement of the main wheels and nose wheels by the BPAG engineering team, which allowed movement of the aircraft to be attempted. The relocation to hard, level ground will now allow access for engine removal apparatus and once this process is complete, permit entry to the inner fuselage area to commence the wing/fuselage split.

A jubilant Paul Wright (BPAG Chairman) commented “Saturday was a major milestone in 360’s journey back to full restoration. I’d like to thank everyone who contributed in any way to the day’s event. There were potentially so many things that could have gone wrong but didn’t and the challenges that arose during the move were met with calm efficiency by the team”.

The rest of the weekend would inevitably be overshadowed by Saturday morning’s achievement but that does not mean that what the team got finished through the rest of the day and into Sunday is in any way less vital. More progress on leading edge flaps and panel removal and the stabilator has finally been detached too. The RH hydraulic reservoir was also taken out, which is necessary to access the ring mounting bolts. CL tank is still stubbornly hanging on but that should hopefully be sorted on the next visit.

Many thanks to the weekend`s team Paul Wright, Paul West, Stephen Steven Pope, Paddy Forrest, Mark Copeland, Andy Bradley, Peter Pete Clapham, Jake Clapham, Tony Clay, Adrian Vines, Mike Davey, Nigel Hodgson, Ryan Luscombe, Max Archer and Pete Moore

Our gratitude also goes out to the officers and staff of DFTDC whose unstinting support for this project has been one of the major contributing factors for us getting this far.

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(Pictures and video by Tony Clay)


10th August 2020

Another small yet significant event that occurred during the ZE360 working weekend a week or so ago at Manston, was the handover of the two flying helmets to the British Phantom Aviation Group.
These were obtained and refurbished by Paul West with the assistance of Richard Proctor and are dedicated to the memory of Flt Lt Ewan Murdoch and Fg Off Jeremy Ogg who tragically lost their lives in the only flying accident involving the Phantom F-4J(UK) in 1987.
They have been donated to the Group and after a suitable cabinet has been obtained, will be ready for display when events and gatherings are permitted once again.
Many thanks to Paul and Richard for their hard work and generosity.
(Photo`s courtesy of Nigel Hodgson)
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1st – 2nd August 2020

The bright and sunny weekend of August 1st and 2nd saw the largest BPAG working party assembled so far recommencing work on Phantom F-4J(UK) ZE360.

On arrival the group was pleasantly surprised to discover that the RAF team from Manston had removed the remnants of an English Electric Canberra which had previously been resting behind ZE360. They had also cut all the long grass from around ZE360 saving the team a number of hours of work on the Saturday. The main aims for the weekend were the removal of both outer wings, the fuselage tailcone, replacing the deflated RH mainwheel and progressing access to the internal structure, which needs to be removed to separate wing and fuselage.

One of the major challenges of the project is the fact that the aircraft has stood outside, fairly close to the sea, for nearly three decades which is actually longer than the aircraft served in both RAF and United States Navy. Almost every single part shows some form of corrosion with stuck- fasteners, panels, connections and hinges being the most obvious and problematic. For example, it took a couple of hours of concerted effort to remove the RH outer wing as it involved lowering the leading edge flap to gain access and removing the hinge pin. Thankfully the Ulster Aviation Society had loaned the team a hinge pin puller which made a task easier. The process was also complicated by the fact you can’t get hydraulic pressure to lower the flap. The LH outer wing did however came off relatively easier than the RH outer wing despite the corrosion on the hinge pin. With the removal of both outer wings, a major milestone has been achieved by the team with regards to the relocation part of the project.

Panel removal is always a tedious, unloved but vital task undertaken by the volunteers and is made exceptionally difficult owing to the aforementioned corrosion issues. It`s estimated that around 75% of all the screws removed so far have had to be drilled out. In some instances, it has been far easier to cut the panels away as the corrosion to both panel and screws has been that bad. Underneath the aircraft, the team continued panel removals and stripped out a bay containing one of the hydraulic reservoirs and subsequently removed the reservoir itself.

A lengthy process of jacking the aircraft up again had the RH side raised enough to lift the landing gear out of the hole to allow the successful replacement of the deflated wheel.

Transportation restrictions on the airframe when the time comes means that the stabilator has to be removed, a process which firstly requires removal of the tailcone. Once again, many screws had to be drilled out, some in the most inaccessible positions, but a combination of stoicism and some professional head scratching eventually saw the tailcone removed and placed on the floor.

Sunday saw the group visited on site by two of the remaining RAF personnel from Manston. This included the base commander himself as he is taking a personal interest in the project and reiterated his continued support and encouragement. As always, thanks go out to all the staff from Manston for their help and assistance on this restoration project. Also a big thank you and job well done to the volunteers, their hard work over the weekend is much appreciated – Max Archer, Peter Partridge, Alex Pinnell, Mark Coleman, Nigel Hodgson, Stuart Forth, Paul West,  Pete Moore, Clive Hammond, Paul Wright, Nathan Garrard, Matt Gilby, Stephen Cawley, Gary Fisher, John Kendal and Steven Pope.

(With thanks to BPAG Chairman Paul Wright for supplying the update information)

A selection of photos showing the work undertaken in no particular order


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(Photos Courtesy of Nigel Hodgson)

11th July 2020


After 4 frustrating months away, a sunny Saturday 11th June finally saw the return of the British Phantom Aviation Group to Manston and F-4J(UK), ZE360. The nature of the work needed, added to the short notice of access permission, meant that only two members were onsite, Clive Hammond and Paul Wright.

Paul reports,

We had several tasks lined up, the principal one being to change the nosewheels, the existing ones have been fitted for the last 28 years and are past their best to say the least. This job would have taken around ½ hr “back in the day”, but owing to the bearings being corroded onto the axles, it took the best part of four hours, and some “creative” heavy engineering to do. The next priority task was to assess what else we needed to do before towing the aircraft out of its current position. The grass will need cutting, it has grown considerably since we were last here, and the remnants of a Canberra are in the way, but easily moved. Both speedbrakes will have to lifted up otherwise towing bridle will impact them. The LH one was moved quite easily, but the RH one is currently seized, and an attack of bees stopped any further work there. The plan to pull the aircraft back using heavy duty strops was assessed and found to be sound. This is very similar the procedure we used in the RAF, when aircraft came off the runway or taxiway. A final task would have been to remove the CL tank, but as it is currently resting on the ground, this will have to be done once the a/c is out of the holes into which it has sunk. This tank is the property of UAS and will be going to Belfast at their convenience.
One final curveball was thrown at us, when it was discovered that the R.H mainwheel has deflated during the time we have been away. Fortunately we have another one ready to go on as a replacement.

More news soon ………….

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July 2020

Further to the update from June, the refurbishment of the two ex-74 Sqn flight helmets is now complete. Paul West (BPAG volunteer and former 74 Sqn Air Radar) and fellow `Tiger` Richard Proctor sourced these two examples from unused old stock. They have been carefully restored with genuine components and are now mounted, ready for display alongside ZE360 when the time comes. Each one is complete with mask, bag and name tag paying tribute to Flight Lieutenant Ewan Murdoch and Flying Officer Jeremy Ogg, who were both tragically lost in an accident involving ZE358 during a low level interception training sortie near Aberystwyth, West Wales on 26th August 1987.

Many thanks to Paul and Richard for their generosity and hard work in preparing this tribute.

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June 2020

While actual physical restoration work on ZE360 has had to be put on hold due to the ongoing COVID19 pandemic, this has given the team an opportunity to address other aspects of the campaign and make some choices that probably wouldn’t have been due until a little further down the road. One such decision was the aircrew names that would adorn the canopy frame of ZE360 once complete and restored. We can now share our plans in this regard, as we have opted for two sets of names– one set placed on each of the right & left sides.

Of the 15 F-4J(UK) delivered to 74 (F) Squadron only one aircraft (ZE358/H) was lost, during a low level interception training sortie near Aberystwyth, West Wales on 26th August 1987. Both aircrew- Ewan Murdoch and Jeremy Ogg- were unfortunately killed in the accident. In order to honour the memory of Ewan and Jeremy, their names will be placed on the right side of ZE360`s canopy. With the help of 74(F) Tiger Squadron Association members (and Squadron Secretary Bob Cossey in particular) contact was made with the relatives of the aircrew and the proposal has received their blessing to pay tribute to Ewan and Jeremy in this way. In addition, Paul West (BPAG member and ex-74 Sqn Air Radar) is in the process of restoring two flight helmets, sourced from original 74 Sqn new old stock by fellow ex-Tiger Richard Proctor. These will be complete with masks, bags and embroidered name tags, which will also feature Ewan and Jeremy’s names. Many thanks to Paul & Richard for their hard work and generosity. We believe both these methods will be fitting ways to honour the memories of two airmen who paid the ultimate sacrifice in the defence of their country during the Cold War.

Moving onto the left side of ZE360, this will display the names of Ian Hargreaves and Simon Hindmarsh, who delivered the aircraft to Manston in 1991. At that time both held the rank of Flying Officer and it was very rare to have the same rank as aircrew together. The original canopy markings reflect this joint status and will be replicated as a finishing touch at the close of the restoration, adding another unusual detail to the only F-4J(UK) to survive in RAF colours, anywhere in the world.

March/April 2020

All restoration work suspended due to the COVID19 pandemic.

April 2020

ZE360 News Article published in Britain at War magazine.

Britain at War Mag

April 2020

Four page Workshop article published in Aeroplane Magazine detailing ZE360`s history and restoration work up to that point.

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(Note text blocked out to avoid any copyright issues)

7th/8th March 2020


Last weekend saw another work party heading to Manston to work on ZE360.

Work of note was the removing more side panels causing mass casualties in drill bits , the starboard aileron finally giving up the ghost and being removed and last, but certainly not least, the main undercarriage tyres being replaced for new. This was achieved by using a custom built puller with the port wheel being the easiest of the two to remove.  This then exposed the brake pack, pressure plate and bearings, which while discovered to be in better than expected condition, will require restoration at a later date. In the meantime they will be usable for towing 360 off the fire pit area. A number of data plates were also documented.

The following photo`s show the works in progress.

Starboard aileron removal and clearing the front wheels

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Panel Removal

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Port Wheel Replacement


Starboard Wheel Replacement


Data Plate Documentation

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(With many thanks to Nigel Hodgson for the permission to use some of his photo`s for this update)

February/March 2020

Update press release from Flypast magazine on the restoration.


22nd/23rd February 2020

Title page

The weekend of the 22nd and 23rd February saw a BPAG team head down to Manston and carry out some preparation work on ZE360 for her relocation from the Fire Pit Aircraft Graveyard to a more suitable hardstand located near the Fire school. A concrete base will provide the perfect ground to disassemble the Phantom when the time comes for her to relocated off base and 360`s new home.

Three items were on the `to do` list include digging out the wheels from the soft ground in preparation for a wheel change, unlocking the outer wing sections so that the fuel venting vanes and ailerons could be removed and finally, some of the team start drilling out the screws on the panels.

Here are a selection of photo`s showing the team at work on the weekend.

Wing Work

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IMG_0564 IMG_0570 Nigel4 IMG_0568 IMG_0569

Undercarriage Work

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Panel Work

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It was also nice to see a panel from the front cockpit returned after 10 years and shows her old US Navy BuNo 155574 on the top.


It was also nice to make a little discovery and settle, (hopefully), an age old argument about the colour of the F-4J`s when they came out of the paintshop at North Island in the US. While removing a panel on by a aileron, we came across a part of the aircraft that obviously escaped the deep service repainting.

We now have a great comparison between the standard RAF air defence grey and the US mix.

Duck Egg Blue – Case Closed!


20th January 2020

The new year got off to a start which saw Paul Wright and myself head out to Manston to discuss moving ZE360 from its current location, to one more suited to her needs when it comes to dismantling her for transport. After productive talks with the RAF Fire School, a location which had been previously proposed, was accepted. Routes between the two locations were discussed and now BPAG have to prepare a movement plan and risk assessment.

After this, some physical work began. The tarpaulin had been blown off in the recent stormy weather and so that was refitted and secured.

Bagged up

When the time comes to relocate 360 the outer wings will require to be removed. However the pins are in and it’s hydraulic wingfold. This meant getting into the system, under D101 L&R, which you’ll see from the pictures below is heavily corroded. Sadly this meant cutting out an access, a decision not lightly taken but both panels were going to be scraped anyway.

Inboard LE flap actuator access panel


Cut Hatch

Work was also started on the removal of the speed brake and the closure panel until lack of light brought the day to a close.

LH speedbrake after groundlock removed Speedbrake and bay

(With thanks to Paul Wright/BPAG for photos and descriptions)

21st November 2019

The 74(F) Tiger Squadron Webstore is set up and launched to raise funds towards the restoration effort. Items on sale so far include mugs, clothing and phone case accessories.

(Click link below)

74F Tiger360 Webstore

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20th October 2019

Another work party consisting of Paul Wright, John Kendal, Clive Hammond, Nigel Hodgson, Peter Partridge and Stephen Pope headed to Manston today to carry out some more work in preparation to remove ZE360 from site.

First on the list was clearing and cutting back the grass and foliage so access was made easier.


Among the other jobs, the brake parachute operating cable was disconnected (a fiddly job with limited access!) and both flap actuators were disconnected.

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A nose gear door from ZE353/E which was scrapped at Manston circa 2001 has been donated thanks to Wayne Drinkwater.


Although in a poor state, it still has intact light fittings and wiring, so will certainly be of use as ‘360 progresses.

A port intake blank was also discovered deep inside an engine intake, and recovered.


At the end of the day, the cockpit was covered with the blue tarpaulin again – until the next visit.

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(With thanks to Nigel Hodgson and Paul Wright for photo`s and text)

28th/29th September 2019

North Weald in Essex, (another Tiger lair from back in the days of World War Two, albeit for a couple of months), held their annual Jetfest weekend.

The Associations partners in the ZE360 project, BPAG, took along their Phantom FGR.2 cockpit section belonging to airframe XT490 (she ended her flying days with the Tigers), to raise funds and awareness for ZE360`s restoration and other plans associated with the project.

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That `other` Tiger Squadron also popped by for a Saturday visit……

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All in all, a great time was had with plenty of interest and questions from the general public.

26th September 2019

BPAG members Adrian Vines and Clive Hammond returned to Manston today to complete the task list from last Tuesday.

360`s cockpit section has now been covered in tarpaulin to reduce the amount of water ingress.


17th September 2019

On the 17th September 2019, a team of volunteers from the British Phantom Aviation Group and the 74 Squadron Association began the preservation work on ZE360 at Manston, Kent. This was the first opportunity to actually get hands on the aircraft and would hopefully offer some early indications of the true state of the bodywork and structure.

Before any of this could begin, however, the whole aircraft was cleaned, scrubbed and rinsed to remove as much fire foam residue, moss, dirt and salt deposits as possible. This revealed much of the original paintwork, some of which was still in good condition, but also uncovered some further corrosion of small areas of the paneling and fasteners, all of which was noted and logged for future attention.

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Inspections were also carried out of the underside, wing fold areas and undercarriage. Partial disassembly of the tail cone allowed access to stabilator pivot mechanism, which appears to be in good order. Upper panels unfortunately proved not to be removable at this time which prevented wider inspection.

3 - Removing the port bacon slicers - DSC_2547 11 - Working to remove the starboard bacon slicer - DSC_2545

10 - removing the starboard bacon slicer - DSC_2544 12 - Removing fasteners from the brake parachute container - DSC_2550

4 - Starboard stabillator pivot exposed - DSC_2548 15 - Detail from underneath the tail cone with a panel removed - DSC_2558

Finally an application of PX-32 preservative to all non-stainless outer surfaces (including underside where accessible) was applied to protect against further damage from weather.

13 - Painting preservative - DSC_2560

Conclusions from the day’s work were that- as far as has been seen- corrosion of the airframe and parts has not been found to be any worse than expected. Some areas are visibly bad and will require extra attention and the worst affected will involve re-fabricating. However, nothing we have seen so far is terminal or should jeopardize moving the aircraft. Detailed inspections have also helped in clarifying potential course of actions for final disassembly.

I think the following photo totally highlights the days efforts ……..

B4 after

Many thanks to the volunteers who joined me on the day – Nigel Hodgson, Adrian Vines, Clive Hammond and Paul Wright for giving up their free time to further the preservation effort.

Thanks also go to DFTDC at Manston for tolerating a crew of civilians on their premises.

the J team

(With thanks to Adrian Vines for Photos/text and Nigel Hodgson for Photos)

August/September 2019

News article released by Aeroplane Magazine regarding ZE360 and fellow Phantom restoration project XT597.

Aeroplane Oct 2019

July/August 2019

News article released by Flypast Magazine announcing the project.


20th June 2019

Association and BPAG finally given permission to go public with the news of the acquisition on forums and social media.

15th May 2019

After many weeks of emails and phone calls, plus a very long single day of negotiating, the joint bid by the Association and BPAG was accepted and both organisations became the legal owners/guardians of ZE360.

(It`s at this point I would like to express our thanks to the staff at both the Manston Fire School, DESA and Military Spares Limited whose help and assistance during this process made it all possible).

26th February 2019

DESA, (Defence Equipment Sales Authority), contacted and email sent with intent to bid and acquire ZE360.


15th February 2019

Manston Fire School contacted for confirmation that ZE360 was surplus to requirements and permission to initiate a bid.


Manston Initial Assessment Visit – 25th January 2019

(Photos courtesy of Paul Wright/BPAG)

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Wing tanks, front ejection seat and other smaller components purchased and removed by The Ulster Aviation Society for their Phantom restoration.

Where it all began – September 2017

Initial trip to Manston to photo ZE360 for the websites Survivors Page.

The plan was to document a very rare survivor in RAF history from as any angles as possible. I had read and heard some reports on forums and social media at the time that she was near collapse, her main gear was going through the top of the wings and the scrap man was but a call away. But what I found was somewhat different. Admittedly I`m no engineer and the sun was out on a lovely September afternoon, but 360 was not a complete wreck or as fragile as I had been led to believe. ZE360 is by no means in great shape, but I started to think about the possibility of preservation and if it were viable even at this 11th hour of her life.

I had recently met a gentleman by the name of Mike Davey, who by all accounts is probably the UK`s leading F-4J(UK) enthusiast and owns the cockpit section of ZE352, the famous `Black Bunny` Phantom that served on 74. I approached him for advice and asked if he would be interested or knew anyone who would seriously consider a rescue operation. He in turn then got in touch with Paul Wright who is the Chairman of the British Phantom Aviation Group (BPAG) and the rest, as they say, is history.

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