A selection of log book entries regarding ZE360 flights.

(Please click on the text for an enlarged version) 

With thanks to Bill Preece for the following Abbreviations Key:

AAR                         Air to Air Refuelling

ACT                         Air combat training

AoA                         angle of attack

ARA                         Attack re-attack

Ccts                        Circuits

DACT                      Dissimilar Air Combat

EMCON                  Emissions Control

EW                          Electronic Warfare

GCA                        Ground Controlled Approach

GH                          General Handling

IAA                          Internal aids approach

LL                            Low level

LLOLPI                     Low Level Overland Practice Intercepts

ML                           medium level

PAR                         Precision approach radar (used for a GCA)

PD                           Practise diversion

VRIAB                     Visual Run in and Break

Robin Birtwistle   Navigator     1984 – 1987


Dick Northcote OC 74     1984 – 1986

Dick Northcote


Ewan Murdoch    Pilot     1985 – 1987



ZE360 – Flt Lt Ewan Murdoch

Very surreal sitting in one of our Motels in Dunedin, New Zealand, in ‘light’ lock down, and seeing on Facebook the pictures provided by Haley of ZE360 flying in the Dolomites on the Italian-side (most of the time) on detachment with 21 Gruppo at IAF Cameri in early September 1985. As part of the recovery of ZE360 and the intent to commemorate Ewan and Jerry, Tony Clay asked me to interpret the missions Ewan flew in ZE360 period 1985-87. Here goes….

Tony supplied a synopsis of those 16 missions with navigators (and one pilot) various from 74 Squadron. My investigation depended on my own logbook and delving in to the history around those dates so as to interpret the nature of those missions; Ewan appeared to have a coding system likely recognisable to pilots but, for myself, my log book is more descriptive. But I’ll have a go, in the context of where we all were in our training and work-up-to-combat-ready status (Jan-Sept 85), and operational flying through to August 1987. For sure Flt Lt Ewan Murdoch, Flt Lt Mike Castle, Fg Off Mark Oliver, Fg Off Mike Evans and myself (the majority of 64 course at 228OCU) arrived at 74 Squadron on 28 January 1985 to meet this immediately impressive clean-lined aircraft – the F4J(UK) – and equally impressive American-flying suited Tiger Squadron aircrew members bristling with experience and very sharp teeth keen to consume the fresh ‘meat’ that had just arrived. In my memory ‘daunting’ does not suffice to describe my own sense of that arrival on our first Squadron … and the illusion of there being five of us, strength in numbers, counted for nothing.

The first seven missions Ewan flew in ZE360 (and on the Squadron) were likely part of his work-up to Combat Ready status (I guess completed around August to September 1985). Certainly March 1985 missions with Jerry Uren (who I believe took the pictures of ZE360 in September 1985 described above).

March 1985 – C x 13 and C x 30 were likely intercept mission at medium or high level, and likely supersonic intercepts as my own logbook reflects lots of those missions – maybe I wasn’t very good at them or it was a large part of the work-up syllabus? No recording cameras in the F4J(UK) … or two stickers as I remember??

29 April and 20 June – Low Level and 2 v 2 (20 June mission – I also flew a “2v2 ACT LL. 2 runs fighter, 3 runs target. Neatishead, weather good” so assume Ewan was in ZE360 as part of that formation).

9 July – with Pecky Fulford – we were in Cyprus for APC so the A-A Cine is likely Air-to-Air Gunnery no live firing or the description Cine did not apply to F4J as discussed. Ewan would have fired live after that but not, in this instance, in ZE360.

15 August – we had just completed a bolt-hole to RAF Honington in early August and the mission appears an Exercise mission; Ewan would have been approaching, if not already was, ‘operational’.

6 September – Ewan and I were certainly in Cameri and my mission on the same day states “LL Overland (Dolomites – NE) 2xF104, 2xF4J”. The suggested photos of ZE360 were, I’m guessing, Gordie James and myself flying ZE360 on 10 September – logbook reads: “LL Overland. Photochase Dolomites. 2xF104 2xF4J”. My guess is Ewan and Jerry were the photographers and more pictures exist?

December 1986; then a very big jump before Ewan flew ZE360 again? In my own log book I, too, have no record of ZE360 missions – not one – so maybe Oscar had joined Whiskey as the Squadron Christmas trees? December 1986 missions – personally I was just back from 5 weeks in the Falklands on the FGR2 but we were supporting D School in Yeovilton, TASMO and, again, multitude of mission profiles in those four days, as well as night flying for currency before Christmas?

18 December: RHAG would have been arrestor cable engagement by Ewan at 40-56 knots, and I would note Mike Castle and myself flew ZE360 on the same day…ours was a long ECM sortie against Canberra (chaff and jamming), a VID against a Norwegian C-130 and a practise diversion to Bentwaters? Quiet day at the office…?

18 February – a day of dread for Ewan – Instrument Rating Test with Stu Thornberry.

25 February – Air-to-Air Gunnery Cine – this seems strange as we did not deploy to Cyprus until March so maybe a dry run in the UK? QWIN Ned Kelly was master of proceedings…

14 and 20 March – Ewan was firing live in ZE360 and, from 75 bullets on 14 March achieved 12 hits against the flag, and 25 from 180 fired on 20 March. All about the percentages so the QWIs would have us believe but I think Ewan would have said one bullet would suffice through the canopy of the opposition…

10 April with Grant Bremer – states Radar Trial – that might not have been a radar trial specific to the F4J but in support for the ‘Blue Circle’ version of the Tornado ADV? Ewan would have been preparing for his stint in the Falklands at this point.

Hopefully that reflects some elements of Ewan flying ZE360; I would say she did not feature in many of my log book entries either relative to my total flying on 74 Squadron and someone may shed a light on why?

I only flew with Ewan … genuinely a great pilot and a pleasure to fly with … on thirteen occasions but a pair (transits there-and-back) I still reflect on to friends as a measure of my life in the RAF and on 74 Squadron. The Boss and our Execs sent Ewan and I on a mini-Tiger Meet to 11 Staffel, Dubbendorf, Switzerland, in October 1986 in XE364 ‘Zulu?’! Just Ewan and I we parked at CAF Solligen (Baden-Baden) so presumably avoiding starting WWIII. What on earth were the Boss and Execs thinking to let us two go off to Southern Germany and Switzerland with a relatively fresh F4J? Twenty or so aircrew from around NATO being entertained, fed and watered like gods by the Swiss Tiger Squadron. Amazing hospitality enjoyed with a long lost friend; I had nothing whatsoever to do with Ewan’s “flight departure profile” from CAF Solligen to end festivities…if that investigation is still ongoing nearly 34 years later…?

(With many thanks to Andy Nailard for supply this narrative and explanation).



Phil Leadbetter   SQN EXEC OFF   1986 – 1988

Phil Leadbetter

Flt Lt Ken Moore   Navigator   1986-89  


Cliff Spink OC 74   1986 – 1989

Cliff Spink


Steve Smyth    Navigator    1986-89 

Steve Smyth

Steve also recalled the following in ZE360…….
`I recall Louis McQuade and I returning from Biggin Hill on Sunday 7 June 87.
Louis decided to give the jet an altitude test (it was a quiet Sunday) – we got to 64,000 feet before the engines started to wobble a little.  Completely daft and not within the release to service. My dear friend Louis has departed this life and I am long retired from the RAF (and I live in Wellington NZ) so I doubt if they can court martial us retrospectively!`
Lets hope not Steve!

Martin Loveridge      Navigator       1988-1992
Sqn Ldr on 74 (OC B-Flight)
Martin Loveridge


Graham Clarke OC 74    1989 – 1992

Graham Clarke


Tony Dixon       Navigator 

Tony Dixon

Bill Preece       Navigator      1989 – 1992


Ian Hargreaves     Pilot     1989 – 1992

Hagar - ZE360